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India issues draft Merchant Shipping Bill, 2020 for public consultation

November 26, 2020: Ministry of ports, shipping and waterways has issued a draft of the Merchant Shipping Bill, 2020 that aims to repeal and replace the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 (Act No. 44 of 1958) and the Coasting Vessels Act, 1838 (Act No. 19 of 1838) for public consultation.

The bill seeks to provide increased opportunities for investment and provide greater impetus to a self-reliant domestic investment climate in the maritime industry.
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The bill seeks to provide increased opportunities for investment and provide greater impetus to a self-reliant domestic investment climate in the maritime industry.

November 26, 2020: Ministry of ports, shipping and waterways has issued a draft for public consultation of the Merchant Shipping Bill, 2020 that aims to repeal and replace the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 (Act No. 44 of 1958) and the Coasting Vessels Act, 1838 (Act No. 19 of 1838).

This can be accessed on the link: http://shipmin.gov.in/sites/default/files/Draft_MS_Bill_2020.pdf and suggestions can be sent to msbill2020@gmail.com by December 24, 2020.

“The Merchant Shipping Bill, 2020 has been drafted, with the primary aim of promoting the growth of the Indian shipping industry by incorporating the best practices adopted by other advanced countries like the U.S., Japan, U.K., Singapore and Australia,” said the ministry release.

All up-to-date IMO conventions/protocols, to which India is a party, have been adopted in it. Adequate provisions are incorporated to ensure the safety and security of vessels, the safety of life at sea, prevent marine pollution, provide for maritime liabilities and compensations, and ensure comprehensive adoption of India’s obligations under international conventions.

The envisioned advantages of the Merchant Shipping Bill, 2020 are the following

  • Promoting ease of doing business

The bill does away with the requirement of general trading license for Indian vessels

  • Embracing digital technology

It enables electronic means of registration, and grants statutory recognition to electronic agreements, records, and logbooks, in addition to electronic licenses, certificates and payments.

  • Increasing tonnage and vessel as a tradable asset

The bill seeks to increase India’s tonnage by widening the eligibility criteria for ownership of vessels and providing for the registration of bareboat charter cum demise, thereby increasing opportunities for international trade.

  • India as a bankable shipping jurisdiction & avoidance of situations leading to the wreck

The proposed bill seeks to introduce for the first-time statutory framework for regulating maritime emergency response against maritime incidents. The provisions seek to provide for the time-effective implementation of response mechanisms in order to ensure that the same is prevented from becoming a wreck or other catastrophic event.

  • Welfare of Indian seafarers on abandoned vessels and safety of abandoned vessels

Provisions for repatriation of abandoned seafarers have been enhanced, in line with the MLC regulations.

  • Strengthening adjudication and predictability of claims

In order to strengthen the investigation and adjudication of claims arising out of the collision of vessels, assessors may be tasked by the High Courts to present their findings on the degrees of the fault of each vessel.

  • India as an active enforcement jurisdiction

The bill incorporates powers of the director-general to take action against vessels that are unsafe, and pose a threat to the safety of life at sea and environment, and includes a procedure for appeal from detention orders. The bill also incorporates provisions that encourage active enforcement of pollution prevention standards and the central government has been granted the power to mandate compulsory insurance or such other financial security, for pollution damage.

The bill seeks to provide increased opportunities for investment and provide greater impetus to a self-reliant domestic investment climate in the maritime industry. The provisions regulating the maritime education, training, certification and the recruitment and placement of seafarers and ease of registration of ships under the Indian flag will give an impetus to the quality and quantity of Indian seafarers. Consequently, it will boost employment opportunities for Indian seafarers in the national and international market. The benefits will be extended to ancillary sectors connected with the shipping industry in consonance with Atmanirbhar Bharat initiatives of the government.

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